Welcome to the Tundra biome by: Kylie, Brooke,and Payton
Tundra
The Tundra is in northern Canada, northwest Alaska, southern Greenland, and northern Russia. The average temperature is between 32°F and 50°F in the warmest area. It can also drop down to a chilly -60°F during the arctic winter cap. The annual precipitation is normally less than 10 inches.
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Map of Tundra (left or up) picture of the Tundra (right or down)



Enviromental Concerns
An environmental concern for the Tundra is burning all the fossil fuels, coal, oil, or natural gas. In 1911 there was an awful oil spill that sent millions of gallons of oil into the ocean, killing thousands of animals that live in the Tundra. Some of the oil is still in the ocean. Tens of thousands of sea birds, salmon, herring, and halibut were killed from the oil spill. An estimate of 100,000 birds died in the terrible oil spill.



Arctic Fox
The Arctic Fox is a mammal that eats rodents and birds. Its size is 46-68 centimeters (18-26 ¾ inches) and its tail is up to 35 centimeters. It is family with dogs and other foxes. Its conversation status is non-threatened. Its scientific name is “Alopex Lagopus”. Its habitat is the Tundra and open woodland. Its range is arctic regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. The Arctic Foxes fur also changes in the summer from white to brown. The Arctic Fox lives in northern Canada, Russia, and Greenland.

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Arctic Fox in the Summer

Arctic Fox in the Winter



Snowy Owl
The Snowy Owl is a bird thats diet is small mammals. Its order is Owls and its size is 52- 65 centimeters (20 ½ - 25 ½). Its family is the owls. Its conversation status is non-threatened. Its scientific name is “Nyctea Scandiaca”. Its habitat is the Tundra, marshes, and coasts. Its Range is arctic Canada, Greenland, and northern Eurasia. The Snowy Owl lives in northern Canada, Russia, and Greenland. (Just like the Arctic Fox)

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Snowy Owl


Lichen
The Lichen is an unusual organism that grows on exposed rock surfaces. The Lichen is the favorite food of the Caribou and the Musk Oxen. The Lichen is exposed of a fungus and an algae growing together. There are several varieties of Lichen. An interesting fact is that in the autumn the Lichen turns different colors.

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Lichen


Polar Bear
The Polar Bear lives in the northern part of Russia. They eat fish, birds, berries, leaves, seals, seabirds, Arctic Hares, Caribou, and Musk Oxen. The Polar Bear is fast and can easily out run a Caribou but only if they're running a short distance. Polar Bears have sharp teeth and claws to help catch food like fish and seals. An adult male can be 7.5 to 8.5 feet long and some can weigh up to weigh 1,300 pounds. An adult female Polar Bear can weigh 330 pounds to 550 pounds and about 6.5 feet long. Their thick white fur protects them from the cold temperatures in the Tundra. Polar Bears are superb swimmers which help them go from one iceberg to the other.

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Polar Bear


Caribou
The Caribou likes to eat lichens. They live in Greenland, Canada, Alaska, and Russia. The Caribou is gray, white, black and brown. Baby Caribou can run within a few hours of birth. They use their hoofs to help them in the deep snow. They weigh anywhere from 250 to 700 pounds.

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Caribou


Rock Ptarmigan
The Rock Ptarmigan lives in northern Russia, northern Greenland, and northern Canada. They eat leaves, seeds, buds, and sometimes in the summer insects. They depend on camouflage for defense when they live in the forest. Their size ranges from 13-15.5 inches. When the cygnets are born they have to fly south for the winter when they are only eighty to ninety days old.

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Rock Ptarmigan


Musk ox
The Musk Ox lives in northern Canada, and Greenland. They eat lichens, grass, moss, and leaves. They dig through the snow to get food. They eat more grass then they eat lichens, moss and leaves.

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Musk Ox


Cotton Grass
The cotton grass moves across the Tundra by the wind.

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Cotton Grass


Sedges
Sedges are like grass but it is also different from grass. The Sedge lives throughout the Tundra. They have long, narrow leaves like grass. Sedges have three rows of leaves but grass only has two rows.

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Sedges


Bearberry
The Bearberry lives in Tundra. They have pale pink and white petals. They got the name because the bears like to eat the berries. They have fine hairs on their stems that keep them warm. They get the berries between March and June.



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Bearberry


Caribou Moss
The Caribou Mosses common name is Caribou Moss and Reindeer Lichen. The genus is called Cladonia and the species is called “rangiferina”. Another interesting fact about the Caribou Moss is that the parts used in it are entire organisms! The Caribou Moss also can grow in northern regoin areas. The Caribou Moss looks like a foamey, gray-green spongey mass. The Caribou Moss is grown in northern regoins around the world.


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Caribou Moss


Cushion Plants
Cushion Plants grow in low places and they’re all scrunched together so they look like cushions, they grow in Canada, Greenland, and Russia. The plants are protected from the cold because of where they grow and live.


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Cushion Plants