Grasslands

Definition: Grasslands are made of big open spaces that usually don’t have many bushes. In grasslands, trees are only found by water areas. If our grasslands received any more water than they already do, they’d become rainforests. Their soil is extremely rich and fertile, and tends to have deep soils that are very nutrient. It also contains a large proportion of clay which retains moisture better than sandy soils. This area also has dry windy conditions. The temperature ranges from about -40°F up to 70°F. The precipitation is from 10-30 inches. Grasslands are found in North America, Australia, Africa, Europe, Asia, South America, Eurasia, and New Zealand.


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Animal Adaptation:
  • African Wild Dog- Likes grassy plains located in Africa.
  • Fennec Fox- Likes desert parts of Northern Africa
  • Black- Footed ferret- Likes to roam on prairies and different parts of the grasslands
  • Coyote- Likes Prairies
  • Cobra- Likes Grassy fields and forests
  • Caracal- Likes dry areas in Asia




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African Wild Dog
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Black-Footed Ferret

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Caracal



African Wild Dog-
  • Height- 2 to 2 and 1/2 feet
  • Length- 2 and 1/2 to 3 and 1/2 feet
  • Weight- Up to about 65 pounds
  • Home- Savannahs of Africa south of the Sahara
  • interesting fact- These dogs are fierce hunters. They hunt in packs of from 6 to 20, some having as many as 90 dogs. While hunting, they keep in touch with one another by sounds that resemble birdcalls.
Black-Footed Ferret-
  • Length Of The Body- Up to 20 inches
  • Length of Tail- Up to about 6 inches
  • Weight- Up to 2 and 1/4 pounds
  • Diet- Prairie Dogs, Birds, and Rodents
  • Home- North America
  • Interesting fact- This animal is one the "Ten Most Wanted" species, because it is the rarest animal in all of North America.
Caracal-
  • Length of Body- 25 to 33 inches
  • Length of Tail- 8 to 13 inches
  • Weight- 18 to 30 pounds
  • Diet- Small mammals and birds
  • Home- Dry areas of Africa and Southern Asia
  • Interesting fact- This animal is a jumper, and can even stalk a bird from the ground, leap into the air, and catch the bird in midflight!
Fennec Fox-
  • Height- 7 to 8 and 3/4 inches
  • Length of body- 12 to 16 inches
  • Length of Tail- 7 to 12 inches
  • Weight- 2 and 1/4 to 3 and 1/3 pounds
  • Diet- Insects, reptiles, and rodents
  • Home- Northern Africa, Arabia, and the Sinai
  • Interesting fact- This animal can go long periods of time with little or nothing to drink, thanks to its kidneys.
Coyote-
  • Length- 28 to 38 inches
  • Height- 1 and 1/2 to 2 feet
  • Weight- 25 to 33 pounds
  • Diet- Insects. small mammals, and sometimes deer
  • Home- North and Central America
  • Interesting fact- The Coyote is very useful to the natural balance because it usually eats rodents, but also the rotting bodies of dead animals.


Asian Cobra-
  • Length- Usually 4 to 5 feet
  • Diet- Rodents, toads, frogs, birds, and eggs
  • Number of Eggs- usually 12 to 24
  • Home- from western asia to the Philippines and Taiwan
  • Interesting fact- People in Indian markets usually gather around to watch a man playing the flute, who is a snake charmer. When he plays, a corbra rises outof a close by basket swaying back and forth, moving to the rythm of the music. But the snake is deaf, it doen't hear the music. It's just following the men's swaying movements.


Plants:
  • Purple Coneflower- Adapts to plains
  • Manketti Tree- Adapts to the Savannah and flowers in early Summer
  • Umbrella Thorn Acacia- Adapts to sand dunes and rocky grounds
  • Stinging Nettle- Adapts to short grass prairies
  • Fleabane- Adapts to meadows, along streams, roads, and ditches
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Purple Coneflower
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Stinging Nettle
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Umbrella Thorn Acacia



Purple Coneflower-
  • Height- grows up to 7 feet
  • Interesting Fact- This plant is also known as the rudbeckia, and has 25 species.
Manketti tree-
  • Height-
  • Interesting Fact- The taproot in this tree goes down untill it reaches water. In this case the root is very long because it is located in the savannah.

Umbrella Thorn Acacia-
  • Height-
  • Interesting Fact- The flowers on this tree provide a good source of honey in some regions, and the stem of the tree is used to treat asthma.
Stinging Nettle-
  • Height- 2 to 4 feet
  • Interesting fact- This plant can be very dangerous because when you touch it with your bare skin, you will get a terrible sting, which is very painful.The sting feels very much like bee sting, and can last for hours or days.This stinging sensation is cause by a formic acid which covers the tiny hairs on the plant.
Fleabane-
  • Height- 4 to 30 inches
  • Interesting fact- An oily smoke that repels insects like fleas is produced when you burn this plant.


Environmental Concerns: Most of the areas in our biome are being destroyed, because the soil is incredibly rich and the land is flat and treeless. Because of this, the areas are getting turned into farms and ranches. When people plow grasslands and there's a great amount of wind, a duststorm can be formed.



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